Gregory Peck: “Raoul Walsh was a very colorful, profane, outspoken character from an earlier time”

Talking to an actor like Gregory Peck is about as close as you’ll ever get to any Hollywood celebrity of his generation. He had been one America’s best-loved and most enduring stars for more than four decades when I met with him at the Brussels Sheraton Hotel for a twenty-minute interview in January 1986. Like millions of others across the globe, I had the pleasure of growing up with his work, which is a long string of amazing performances, emphasising on the importance of being earnest. The integrity of the characters he always played was entirely his own, as I was about to find out when he entered the hotel room, shook my hand, and said, with a big smile, “Good evening, how are you? Shall we talk a little bit?”

Gregory Peck during our interview in Brussels, January 1986. Photograph: Leo Verswijver

If I remember well, the first Gregory Peck film I saw as a child, was the family drama “The Yearling” (1946). It couldn’t have been more appropriate, and later on when I saw his other films such as “Roman Holiday” (1953), a charming light-hearted story about a reporter in the make and a princess on the run (played by Gregory Peck and Audrey Hepburn), I knew then I would be hooked for the rest of my life on the films of both of them.

Early in his career, Mr. Peck appeared opposite established actresses as Greer Garson, Ingrid Bergman, and Jennifer Jones – a choice made by his agent, he had told a reporter. “Carole Lombard once said, ‘It takes ten pictures to make a star.’ If the audience accepts you over a long period of time, they become accustomed to seeing your face on the screen, and if they like you, they’re looking forward to your next picture.” And that’s exactly what happened.

In all, Mr. Peck appeared in fifty-four features from 1944 (“Days of Glory”) until 1991 (Martin Scorsese’s remake of “Cape Fear”). He made six films with director and Hollywood studio craftsman Henry King, two were directed by Alfred Hitchcock, and Ava Gardner was co-star in three films (in an interview many years later, he remembered her as ‘a woman so beautiful’). In thirteen of his films, he played men of authority (Sheriff, Captain, Lieutenant, Colonel, Commander, General, President), but he will always be remembered for his most memorable Oscar-winning performance as Atticus Finch, a lawyer who defends a black man accused of raping a white woman in “To Kill a Mockingbird” (1962, set in the Depression-era South), undoubtedly one of the most outstanding films of the 20th century.

With a screen persona described as serious, decent, restrained and intelligent, though – as some claim – never very exciting, Mr. Peck was blessed with slightly melancholy good looks and a baritone voice expressing strength, sympathy and tenderness. On the screen, he expressed so much with his mere presence that he hardly had to act at all. He simply had to be there.

But I’d better move on and get started, or else my twenty minutes will be over way too soon.

Mr. Peck, most of the characters you have played so far are very dignified and sincere. And as President of the Academy of Motion Pictures, Arts and Sciences you moved the 1968 Oscar ceremony until after Martin Luther King’s funeral. Morality is a key word for you?

People have different ideas of morality. I think maybe a sense of correctness, a sense of doing a thing as it ought to be done, whether it is morally or because of intuition, or a sense of fairness and rightness, I think that’s part of me, yes. I remember when Martin Luther King was killed, I think that was on a Thursday [April 4], the Oscar broadcast was to be on Monday night [April 8], and there were some people who said, ‘The show must go on. It’s a network, worldwide broadcast, we can’t change the arrangements.’ But I felt it was not right. Martin Luther King was a great man who had brought about great changes in America for the better. So I thought we had to make an exception: the show need not go on. So with a little persuasion, we were able to change it till Wednesday [April 10, one day after the funeral], and I’m glad that we did. Now Martin Luther King has a national holiday, we celebrated it only a few days ago. Business stops, children don’t go to school, banks are closed. Only George Washington and Abraham Lincoln have such days in the United States. It’s become evident that he did make enormous changes in our way of life, certainly for many of the thirty million black Americans, with opportunities for better education, better jobs, a better standard of living, and their opportunity to become part of the political process. Much of that is due to Martin Luther King, so he is truly a great American. I’m sure we made the right decision.

In the 1940s, you received four Academy Award nominations over a five-year period, back then quite a remarkable achievement. How do you feel about that now?

Well, those four times that I was nominated, I didn’t win. But I felt it would have been wrong for me to win. One year the winner was Laurence Olivier in “Hamlet” [1948], another year it was Fredric March in “The Best Years of Our Lives” [1946]… Those winners were people I respected, so I quite agreed with the voters. Then there was a long lapse of about thirteen years before I was nominated again. I had more or less given up on the idea of ever winning an Oscar [laughs]. I thought I’d be one of those people who’d be working steadily, but won’t have an Oscar. But then it happened. “To Kill a Mockingbird” just came. The book was written, the rights were bought by Robert Mulligan and Alan J. Pakula, and they thought I would be best for the role of Atticus Finch. When they brought me in, I was able to arrange for them the financing and distribution of the film with Universal, so I became a kind of partner. And then it happened for me. I believe the Academy Award is an honest award, honestly given – given by the people who make films, either artists or technicians. So it has a special meaning, and also because it’s now about sixty years that it’s been given. It’s here to stay. Some awards come and go. Down in my basement, I have plaques and cups that were given to me thirty or forty years ago, and the institutions don’t exist anymore. But I will always be pleased to have won an Oscar.

Is “To Kill a Mockingbird” the film you’re most proud of?

As I go about, I hear more about “Mockingbird” from more people. In America it seems to have struck an emotional cord. It’s still played often on the television, and it’s even shown in the schools when they study the period of the civil rights struggle in the 1960s. The film has a special meaning for children of thirteen, fourteen, fifteen years who are becoming aware for the first time that we had drastic racial segregation in our country up until the 1960s. And they also seem to be touched by the relationship between the father and the children, by the fact that he treats them more or less as adults, he gives them credit and respects their own intelligence, their own point of view, their own rights. That seems to appeal to a lot of young people. So I guess, whether it would be my own choice or not, it seems to be the choice of the public.

You appeared with Lillian Gish in “Duel in the Sun” [1946]. Her mentor D.W. Griffith was still alive back then [he passed away in Hollywood in 1948 at age 75]. Did you ever get the chance to meet him in person?

No, I never did. He was still living in Hollywood, but I never had the opportunity to meet him. He was not in circulation, he was retired. But Lillian Gish [1893-1993, age 92 at the time of this interview] I still see quite often: she’s not retired [laughs], she’s still very active. She won a Lifetime Achievement Award from the American Film Institute just a few years ago [1984, Mr Peck won his in 1989], so it’s wonderful to see an event like that, when they show her as a young woman, almost seventy years ago, playing in “Broken Blossoms” [1919] or “Way Down East” [1920]. Even though Hollywood is not unified, there is not a common feeling of collaboration and give and take between studios – it’s more doggy dog – we still have a few traditions. One of them exists through the Academy which continues to honor and respect people whose careers are in the past. One time I took pioneer and film director Raoul Walsh [1887-1980] to the American Film Institute for a seminar and a Q&A session. He was about ninety-one at the time. He was a great character, wearing his eye patch. He still rolled his own cigarettes and he was a very colorful, profane, outspoken character from an earlier time. He was tougher, more independent, and had more self-confidence about his way of life and his code of behaviour, without compromise. So the students were asking him many of the usual questions about the old times, and then one of them asked, ‘Mr. Walsh, I understand that you were once an actor, is that true?’ And he said, ‘Sunny Boy, I played John Wilkes Booth, the man who shot Lincoln, in “The Birth of a Nation” [1915]!’ And there he was, sitting before them. There was a moment of silence, and then they stood and applauded. About fifty or sixty young people. It was like seeing a ghost [laughs], but there he was. So in spite of the fact that the film industry is commercial, competitive and rather cold-hearted these days, through the Academy and such meetings at the American Film Institute, we do try to keep some of that tradition alive. It’s important that we do. It’s important to have respect for the artists of the past, as well as for the latest two hundred million dollar blockbusters.

Audrey Hepburn and Gregory Peck relaxing on the set of “Roman Holiday” (1953). Photograph: Marvin Paige Motion Picture and Television Archive

Throughout your career, you didn’t do too many romantic comedies, but “Roman Holiday” [1953] for example, you all turned it into one of the all-time classics.

When they sent me the script of “Roman Holiday,” I signed for the picture. But about two weeks into the film, I called my agent, and asked him about the official billing. The contract had been drawn up as: ‘Gregory Peck in “Roman Holiday,” introducing Audrey Hepburn.’ So I said, ‘We can’t do this, we will all look like fools. I’m sure she’s going to win an Academy Award for the role she’s playing, and even though it’s her first starring role in an American picture, her name has to appear above the title.’ Because when we were shooting in Rome, we already knew that she would hit the screen like a bomb. And there hasn’t been anyone like her before, and so far there hasn’t been anyone like her since. She was really born to play the princess in the film. So, she did win the Oscar for “Roman Holiday,” she became a sensation, and everybody wanted to work with her.

Brussels (Belgium),
January 27, 1986

+ Gregory Peck passed away on June 12, 2003, at his home in Los Angeles, at age 87.

FILMS

DAYS OF GLORY (1944) DIR Jacques Tourneur PROD Casey Robinson SCR Casey Robinson (original story by Melchior Lengyel) CAM Tony Gaudio ED Joseph Noriega MUS Daniele Amfitheatrof CAST Gregory Peck (Vladimir), Tamara Toumanova, Alan Reed, Maria Palmer, Lowell Gilmore, Hugo Haas, Dena Penn

THE KEYS OF THE KINGDOM (1944) DIR John M. Stahl PROD Joseph L. Mankiewicz SCR Joseph M. Mankiewicz, Nunnally Johnson (novel by A.J. Cronin) CAM Arthur C. Miller ED James B. Clark MUS Alfred Newman CAST Gregory Peck (Father Francis Chisholm), Thomas Mitchell, Vincent Price, Rose Stradner, Roddy McDowall, Edmund Gwenn, Credric Hardwicke, Peggy Ann Garner, Anne Revere

THE VALLEY OF DECISION (1945) DIR Tay Garnett PROD Edwin H. Knopf SCR John Meehan, Sonya Levien (novel by Marcia Davenport) CAM Joseph Ruttenberg ED Blanche Sewell MUS Herbert Stothart CAST Greer Garson, Gregory Peck (Paul Scott), Donald Crisp, Lionel Barrymore, Preston Foster, Marsha Hunt, Gladys Cooper, Reginald Owen, Dan Duryea, Jessica Tandy, Barbara Everest, Marshall Thompson

SPELLBOUND (1945) DIR Alfred Hitchcock PROD David O. Selznick SCR Ben Hecht (adaptation by Angus MacPhail; novel ‘The House of Dr. Edwardes’ by Frances Beeding) CAM George Barns ED William Ziegler MUS Miklós Rózsa CAST Ingrid Bergman, Gregory Peck (John Ballantyne), Michael Chekhov, Leo G. Carroll, Rhonda Fleming, John Emery, Norman Lloyd, Regis Toomey

THE YEARLING (1946) DIR Clarence Brown PROD Sidney Franklin SCR Paul Osborn (novel by Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings) CAM Arthur E. Arling, Charles Rosher, Leonard Smith ED Harold F. Kress MUS Herbert Stothart CAST Gregory Peck (Penny Baxter), Jane Wyman, Claude Jarman Jr., Chill Wills, Clem Bevens, Margaret Wycherly, Henry Travers, Forrest Tucker

DUEL IN THE SUN (1946) DIR King Vidor PROD David O. Selznick SCR David O. Selznick (adaptation by Oliver H.P. Garrett; novel by Niven Busch) CAM Lee Garmes, Harold Rosson, Ray Rennahan ED William Ziegler, John Saure MUS Dimitri Tiomkin CAST Jennifer Jones, Gregory Peck (Lewton ‘Lewt’ McCanles), Joseph Cotton, Lionel Barrymore, Herbert Marshall, Lillian Gish, Walter Huston, Charles Bickford, Butterfly McQueen, Orson Welles (narration)

THE MACOMBER AFFAIR (1947) DIR Zoltan Korda PROD Casey Robinson, Benedict Bogeaus, Gregory Peck [uncredited] SCR Casey Robinson, Seymour Bennett (adaptation by Frank Arnold, Seymour Bennett; story ‘The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber’ by Ernest Hemingway) CAM Karl Struss ED George Feld, Jack Wheeler MUS Miklós Rózsa CAST Gregory Peck (Robert Wilson), Joan Bennett, Robert Preston, Reginald Denny, Jean Gillie, Carl Harbord

GENTLEMAN’S AGREEMENT (1947) DIR Elia Kazan PROD Darryl F. Zanuck SCR Moss Hart (novel by Laura Z. Hobson) CAM Arthur C. Miller ED Harmon Jones MUS Alfred Newman CAST Gregory Peck (Philip Schuyler Green), Dorothy McGuire, John Garfield, Celeste Holm, Anne Revere, June Havoc, Albert Dekker, Jane Wyatt, Dean Stockwell, Sam Jaffe

THE PARADINE CASE (1947) DIR Alfred Hitchcock PROD David O. Selznick SCR David O. Selznick (adaptation by Alam Reville; novel by Robert Hichens) CAM Lee Garmes MUS Franz Waxman CAST Gregory Peck (Anthony Keane), Ann Todd, [Alida] Valli, Charles Laughton, Charles Coburn, Ethel Barrymore, Louis Jourdan, Leo G. Carroll, John Williams

YELLOW SKY (1948) DIR William A. Wellman PROD Lamar Trotti SCR Lamar Trotti (story by W.R. Burnett) CAM Joseph MacDonald MUS Alfred Newman ED Harmon Jones CAST Gregory Peck (James ‘Stretch Dawson), Anne Baxter, Richard Widmark, Robert Arthur, John Russell, Harry Morgan, James Barton, Charles Kemper

THE GREAT SINNER (1949) DIR Robert Siodmak PROD Gottfried Reinhardt SCR Christopher Isherwood, Ladislas Fodor (story by Ladislas Fodor, René Fülöp-Miller; novel by Fyodor Dostoevsky) CAM George J. Folsey ED Harold F. Kress MUS Bronislau Kaper CAST Gregory Peck (Fedja), Ava Gardner, Melvyn Douglas, Walter Huston, Ethel Barrymore, Frank Morgan, Agnes Moorehead, Friedrich von Ledbur, Ludwig Donath

TWELVE O’CLOCK HIGH (1949) DIR Henry King PROD Darryl F. Zanuck SCR Sly Bartlett, Beirne Lay Jr. (novel by Sly Bartlett, Beirne Lay Jr.) CAM Leon Shamroy ED Barbara McLean MUS Alfred Newman CAST Gregory Peck (General Savage), Hugh Marlowe, Gary Merrill, Millard Mitchell, Dean Jagger, Robert Arthur, Paul Stewart, John Kellogg

THE GUNFIGHTER (1950) DIR Henry King PROD Nunnally Johnson SCR William Bowers, William Sellers (story by André De Toth, William Bowers) CAM Arthur C. Miller ED Barbara McLean MUS Alfred Newman CAST Gregory Peck (Jimmy Ringo), Helen Westcott, Millard Mitchell, Jean parker, Karl Malden, Skip Homeier, Anthony Ross, Verna Felton, Alan Hale Jr., Mae Marsh

CAPTAIN HORATIO HORNBLOWER (1951) DIR Raoul Walsh PROD Raoul Walsh, Gerry Mitchell SCR Ivan Goff, Ben Roberts, Æneas MacKenzie (adaptation and novel by C.S. Forester) CAM Guy Green ED Jack Harris MUS Robert Farnon CAST Gregory Peck (Capt. Horatio Hornblower), Virginia Mayo, Robert Beatty, Moultrie Kelsall, Terence Morgan, James Kenney, James Robertson Justice, Christopher Lee

ONLY THE VALIANT (1951) DIR Gordon Douglas PROD William Cagney SCR Harry Brown, Edmund H. North (novel by Charles Marquis Warren) CAM Lionel Lindon ED Walter Hannemann, Robert Seiter MUS Franz Waxman CAST Gregory Peck (Capt. Richard Lance), Barbara Payton, Ward Bond, Gig Young, Lon Chaney Jr., Neville Brand, Jeff Corey, Warner Anderson, Steve Brodie

DAVID AND BATHSHEBA (1951) DIR Henry King PROD Darryl F. Zanuck SCR Philip Dunne CAM Leon Shamroy ED Barbara McLean MUS Alfred Newman CAST Gregory Peck (King David), Susan Hayward, Raymond Massey, Kieron Moore, James Robertson Justice, Jayne Meadows, John Sutton, Frances X. Bushman

THE WORLD IN HIS ARMS (1952) DIR Raoul Walsh PROD Aaron Rosenberg SCR Borden Chase (novel by Rex Beach) CAM Russell Metty ED Frank Gross MUS Frank Skinner CAST Gregory Peck (Capt. Jonathan Clark), Ann Blyth, Anthony Quinn, John McIntire, Carl Esmond, Andrea King, Eugenie Leontovich, Hans Conried, Sig Ruman

THE SNOWS OF KILIMANJARO (1952) DIR Henry King PROD Darrul F. Zanuck SCR Casey Robinson (short story by Ernest Hemingway) CAM Leon Shamroy ED Barbara McLean MUS Bernard Herrmann CAST Gregory Peck (Harry Street), Susan Hayward, Ava Gardner, Hildegarde Neff, Leo G. Carroll, Torin Thatcher, Ava Norring, Helene Stanley, Marcel Dalio

ROMAN HOLIDAY (1953) DIR – PROD William Wyler SCR Dalton Trumbo, John Dighton, Ian McLellan Hunter CAM Frank F. Planer, Henri Alekan ED Robert Swink MUS Georges Auric CAST Gregory Peck (Joe Bradley), Audrey Hepburn, Eddie Albert, Hartley Power, Harcourt Williams, Margaret Rawlings, Tullio Carminati

BOUM SUR PARIS (1953) DIR Maurice de Canonge PROD Edmond Ténoudji SCR Jacques Chabanas, Roger Féral CAM Jean Bachelet ED Isabelle Elman MUS Louiguy CAST Édith Piaf, Jacques Pills, Mick Micheyl, Armand Bernard, Danielle Godet, Robert Zizani, Jean Nohain, Luce Feyrer, Juliette Gréco, Charles Trenet, Charles Boyer, Martine Carol, Cary Cooper, Gregory Peck (Himself [cameo]), Jean Marais, Gilbert Bécaud

MAN WITH A MILLION, UK title: THE MILLION POUND NOTE (1953) DIR Ronald Neame PROD John Bryan SCR Jill Craigie (short story by Mark Twain) CAM Geoffrey Unsworth ED Clive Donner MUS William Alwyn CAST Gregory Peck (Henry Adams), Jane Griffiths, Joyce Grenfell, A. E. Matthews, Reginald Beckwith, Brian Oulter, John Slater

NIGHT PEOPLE (1954) DIR – PROD Nunnally Johnson SCR Nunnally Johnson (story by Jed Harris, Tom Reed) CAM Charles G. Clarke ED Dorothy Spencer MUS Cyril J. Mockridge CAST Gregory Peck (Col. Steve Van Dyke), Broderick Crawford, Rita Gam, Anita Björk, Walter Abel, Buddy Ebsen, Max Showalter, Jill Esmond, Peter van Eyck

THE PURPLE PLAIN (1954) DIR Robert Parrish PROD John Bryan SCR Eric Ambler (novel by H.E. Bates) CAM Geoffrey Unsworth ED Clive Donner MUS John Veale CAST Gregory Peck (Bill Forrester), Win Min Than, Brenda de Banzie, Bernard Lee, Maurice Denham, Lyndon Brook, Anthony Bushell, Josephine Griffin

THE MAN IN THE GRAY FLANNEL SUIT (1956) DIR Nunnally Johnson PROD Darryl F. Zanuck SCR Nunnally Johnson (novel by Sloan Wilson) CAM Charles G. Drake ED Dorothy Spencer MUS Bernard Herrmann CAST Gregory Peck (Tom Rath), Jennifer Jones, Fredric March, Marisa Pavan, Lee J. Cobb, Ann Harding, Keenan Wynn, Arthur O’Connell

MOBY DICK (1956) DIR – PROD John Huston SCR John Huston, Ray Bradbury (novel by Herman Melville) CAM Oswald Morris ED Russell Lloyd MUS Philip Sainton CAST Gregory Peck (Capt. Ahab), Richard Basehart, Leo Genn, James Robertson Justice, Harry Andrews, Bernard Miles, Noel Purcell, Edric Connor, Mervyn Johns, John Huston

DESIGNING WOMAN (1957) DIR Vincente Minnelli PROD Dore Schary SCR George Wells CAM John Alton ED Adrienne Fazan MUS André Previn CAST Gregory Peck (Mike Hagan), Lauren Bacall, Dolores Gray, Sam Levene, Tom Helmore, Mickey Shaughnessy, Jesse White, Chuck Connors

THE BRAVADOS (1958) DIR Henry King PROD Robert B. Swope Jr. SCR Philip Yordan (novel by Frank O’Rourke) CAM Leonard Shamroy ED William Mace MUS Lionel Newman CAST Gregory Peck (Jim Douglass), Joan Collins, Stephen Boyd, Albert Salmi, Henry Silva, Kathleen Gallent, Barry Coe, Lee Van Cleef

THE BIG COUNTRY (1958) DIR William Wyler PROD Gregory Peck, William Wyler SCR James R. Webb, Robert Wilder, Sy Bartlett (adaptation by Robert Wyler, Jessamyn West; novel by Donald Hamilton) CAM Franz Planer ED John Faure, Robert Belcher MUS Jerome Moross CAST Gregory Peck (James McKay), Jean Simmons, Carroll Baker, Charlton Heston, Burl Ives, Charles Bickford, Chuck Connors, Dorothy Adams

PORK CHOP HILL (1959) DIR Lewis Milestone PROD Sy Bartlett EXEC PROD Gregory Peck [uncredited] SCR James R. Webb (book by S.L.A. Marshall) CAM Sam Levitt ED George Boemler MUS Leonard Rosenman CAST Gregory Peck (Lt. Joe Clemons), Harry Guardino, Rip Torn, George Peppard, James Edwards, Bob Steele, Woody Strode, George Shibata, Norman Fell, Robert Blake, Martin Landau, Harry Dean Stanton

BELOVED INFIDEL (1959) DIR Henry King PROD Jerry Wald SCR Sy Bartlett (book by Sheilah Graham, Gerold Frank) CAM Leon Shamroy ED William Reynolds MUS Franz Waxman CAST Gregory Peck (F. Scott Fitzgerald), Deborah Kerr, Eddie Albert, Philip Ober, Herbert Rudley, John Sutton, Karin Booth, Ken Scott, Bess Flowers, Jack Kruschen

ON THE BEACH (1959) DIR – PROD Stanley Kramer SCR John Paxton (novel by Nevil Shute) CAM Giuseppe Rotunno ED Frederic Knudtson MUS Ernest Gold CAST Gregory Peck (Cmdr. Dwight Lionel Towers), Ava Gardner, Fred Astaire, Anthony Perkins, Donna Anderson, John Tate, Harp McGuire, Lola Brooks, Ken Wayne

THE GUNS OF NAVARONE (1961) DIR J. Lee Thompson PROD Carl Foreman SCR Carl Foreman (novel by Alistair MacLean) CAM Oswald Morris ED Alan Osbiston MUS Dimitri Tiomkin CAST Gregory Peck (Mallory), David Niven, Anthony Quinn, Stanley Baker, Anthony Quayle, James Darren, Irene Papas, Gia Scala, Richard Harris, Bryan Forbes

CAPE FEAR (1962) DIR J. Lee Thompson PROD Sy Bartlett SCR James R. Webb (novel by John D. MacDonald) CAM Sam Leavitt ED George Tomasini MUS Bernard Herrman CAST Gregory Peck (Sam Bowden), Robert Mitchum, Polly Bergen, Lori Martin, Martin Balsam, Jack Kruschen, Telly Savalas, Barrie Chase

HOW THE WEST WAS WON (1962) DIR John Ford, Henry Hathaway, George Marshall, Richard Thorpe PROD Bernard Smith SCR James R. Webb (suggested by the series ‘How the West Was Won’ in LIFE magazine) CAM William H. Daniels, Milton R. Krasner, Charles Lang, Joseph LaShelle ED Harold F. Kress MUS Alfred Newman CAST Carroll Baker, Lee J. Cobb, Henry Fonda, Carolyn Jones, Karl Malden, Gregory Peck (Cleve Van Valen), George Peppard, Robert Preston, Debbie Reynolds, James Stewart, Eli Wallach, John Wayne, Richard Widmark, Walter Brennan, Raymond Massey, Agnes Moorehead, Harry Morgan, Thelma Ritter, Mickey Shaughnessy, Russ Tamblyn, Harry Dean Stanton, Lee Van Cleef, William Wellman Jr., Spencer Tracy (narration)

TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD (1962) DIR Robert Mulligan PROD Alan J. Pakula, Gregory Peck [uncredited] SCR Horton Foote (novel by Harper Lee) CAM Russell Harlan ED Aaron Stell MUS Elmer Bernstein CAST Gregory Peck (Atticus Finch), Mary Badham, Phillip Alford, John Megna, Ruth White, Paul Fix, Brock Peters, Frank Overton, Robert Duvall

CAPTAIN NEWMAN, M.D. (1963) DIR David Miller PROD Robert Arthur, Gregory Peck [uncredited] SCR Henry Ephron, Phoebe Ephron, Richard L. Breen (novel by Leo Rosten) CAM Russell Metty ED Alma Macrorie MUS Frank Skinner, Russell Garcia CAST Gregory Peck (Capt. Josiah J. Newman, MD), Tony Curtis, Angie Dickinson, Eddie Albert, James Gregory, Bethel Leslie, Robert Duvall, Dick Sargent, Larry Storch, Bobby Darin

BEHOLD A PALE HORSE (1964) DIR Fred Zinnemann PROD Fred Zinnemann, Gregory Peck [uncredited] SCR J.P. Miller (novel by Emeric Pressburger) CAM Jean Badal MUS Maurice Jarre ED Walter Thompson CAST Gregory Peck (Manuel Artiguez), Anthony Quinn, Omar Sharif, Mildred Dunnock, Raymond Pellegrin, Paolo Stoppa, Daniela Rocca, Christian Marquand, Michael Lonsdale

MIRAGE (1965) DIR Edward Dmytryk PROD Harry Keller SCR Peter Stone (novel by Howard Fast [Walter Ericson]) CAM Joseph MacDonald ED Ted J. Kent MUS Quincy Jones CAST Gregory Peck (David Stillwell), Diane Baker, Walter Matthau, Kevin McCarthy, Jack Weston, Leif Erickson, George Kennedy

ARABESQUE (1966) DIR – PROD Stanley Donen SCR Pierre Marton [Peter Stone], Julian Mitchell, Stanley Price (novel ‘The Cypher’ by Alex Gordon) CAM Christopher Challis ED Frederick Wilson MUS Henry Mancini CAST Gregory Peck (Professor David Pollock), Sophia Loren, Alan Badel, Kieron Moore, Carl Duering, John Merivale, Duncan Lamont, George Coulouris

THE STALKING MOON (1968) DIR Robert Mulligan PROD Alan J. Pakula SCR Alvin Sargent (adaptation by Wendell Mayes; novel by Theodore V. Olsen) CAM Charles Lang ED Aaron Stell MUS Fred Karlin CAST Gregory Peck (Sam Varner), Eva Marie Saint, Robert Forster, Noland Clay, Russell Thorson, Frank Silvera, Lonny Chapman, Richard Farnsworth

MACKENNA’S GOLD (1969) DIR J. Lee Thompson PROD Carl Foreman, Dimitri Tiomkin SCR Carl Foreman (novel by Heck Allen [Will Allen]) CAM Joseph MacDonald ED Bill Lenny MUS Quincy Jones CAST Gregory Peck (Sheriff Mackenna), Omar Sharif, Telly Savalas, Julie Newmar, Camilla Sparv, Keenan Wynn, Lee J. Cobb, Raymond Massey, Burges Meredith, Anthony Quale, Edward G. Robinson, Eli Wallach

THE CHAIRMAN (1969) DIR J. Lee Thompson PROD Mort Abrahams SCR Ben Maddow (novel by Jay Richard Kennedy) CAM John Wilcox ED Richard Best MUS Jerry Goldsmith CAST Gregory Peck (John Hathaway), Anne Heywood, Arthur Hill, Alan Dobie, Conrad Yama, Zienia Merton, Ori Levy, Ric Young, Burt Kwouk

MAROONED (1969) DIR John Sturges PROD M.J. Frankovich SCR Mayo Simon (novel by Martin Caidin) CAM Daniel L. Fapp ED Walter Thompson CAST Gregory Peck (Charles Keith), Richard Crenna, David Janssen, James Franciscus, Gene Hackman, Lee Grant, Nancy Kovak, Mariette Hartley, John Forsythe

I WALK THE LINE (1970) DIR John Frankenheimer PROD Harold D. Cohen SCR Alvin Sargent (novel by Madison Jones) CAM David M. Walsh ED Henry Berman MUS Johnny Cash CAST Gregory Peck (Sheriff Tawes), Tuesday Weld, Estelle Parsons, Ralph Meeker, Lonny Chapman, Charles Durning, Jeff Dalton, Freddie McCloud

SHOOT OUT (1971) DIR Henry Hathaway PROD Hal B. Wallis SCR Marguerite Roberts (novel by Will James) CAM Earl Rath ED Archie Marshek MUS Dave Grusin CAST Gregory Peck (Clay Lomax), Patricia Quinn, Robert F. Lyons, Susan Tyrrell, Jeff Corey, James Gregory, Rita Gam, Dawn Lyn

THE TRIAL OF THE CATONSVILLE NINE (1972) DIR Gordon Davidson PROD Gregory Peck SCR Daniel Berrigan, Saul Levitt (play by Daniel Berrigan) CAM Haskell Wexler ED Aaron Stell MUS Shelly Manne CAST Gwen Archer, Ed Flanders, Barton Heyman, Mary Jackson, Richard Jordan, Nancy Malone, Donald Moffat

THE DOVE (1974) DIR Charles Jarrot PROD Gregory Peck SCR Peter S. Beagle, Adam Kennedy (novel by Derek Gill, Robin Lee Graham) CAM Sven Nykvist ED John Jympson MUS John Barry CAST Joseph Bottoms, Deborah Raffin, John McLiam, Dabney Coleman, John Anderson, Colby Chester, Ivor Barry

BILLY TWO HATS (1974) DIR Ted Kotcheff PROD Norman Jewison SCR Alan Sharp CAM Brian West ED Thom Noble MUS John Scott CAST Gregory Peck (Arch Deans), Desi Arnaz Jr., Jack Warden, David Huddleston, Sian Barbara Allen, John Pearce, Dawn Little Sky, Vince St. Cyr

THE OMEN (1976) DIR Richard Donner PROD Harvey Bernhard SCR David Seltzer CAM Gilbert Taylor MUS Jerry Goldsmith ED Stuart Baird CAST Gregory Peck (Robert Thorn), Lee Remick, David Warner, Billie Whitelaw, Harvey Stephens, Patrick Throughton, Martin Benson, Robert Rietty

MACARTHUR (1977) DIR Joseph Sargent PROD Frank McCarthy SCR Mathew Robbins, Hal Barwood CAM Mario Tosi ED George Jay Nicholson MUS Jerry Goldsmith CAST Gregory Peck (Gen. Douglas MacArthur), Dan O’Herlihy, Ed Flanders, Ward Costello, Nicolas Coster, Marj Dusay, Russell Johnson, Art Fleming, William Wellman Jr.

THE BOYS FROM BRAZIL (1978) DIR Franklin J. Schaffner PROD Martin Richards, Stanley O’Toole SCR Heywood Gould (novel by Ira Levin) CAM Henri Decaë ED Robert Swink MUS Jerry Goldsmith CAST Gregory Peck (Joseph Mengele), Laurence Olivier, James Mason, Lilli Palmer, Uta Hagen, Steve Guttenberg, Denholm Elliott, Rosemary Harris, Jeremy Black, Bruno Ganz

THE SEA WOLVES (1980) DIR Andrew V. McLaglen PROD Euan Lloyd SCR Reginald Rose (book by James Leasor) CAM Tony Imi ED John Glen MUS Roy Budd CAST Gregory Peck (Col. Lewis Pugh), Roger Moore, David Niven, Trevor Howard, Barbara Kellerman, Patrick Macnee, Kenneth Griffith, Patrick Allen

AMAZING GRACE AND CHUCK (1987) DIR Mike Newell PROD – SCR David Field CAM Robert Elswit ED Peter Hollywood MUS Elmer Bernstein CAST Jamie Lee Curtis, Alex English, Gregory Peck (President), William L. Petersen, Joshua Zuehlke,Dennis Lipscomb, Dean Alexander

OLD GRINGO (1989) DIR Luis Puenzo PROD Lois Bonfiglio SCR Luis Puenzo, Aída Bortnik (novel by Carlos Fuentes) CAM Félix Monti ED Glenn Farr, Juan Carlos Macías, William M. Anderson MUS Lee Holdridge CAST Jane Fonda, Gregory Peck (Bitter), Jimmy Smits, Patricio Contreras, Jenny Gago, Gabriela Roel, Sergio Calderón

OTHER PEOPLE’S MONEY (1991) DIR Norman Jewison PROD Norman Jewison, Ric Kidney SCR Alvin Sargent (novel by Jerry Sterner) CAM Haskell Wexler ED Lou Lombardo, Michael Pacek, Hubert de la Bouillerie, Patrick King MUS David Newman CAST Danny DeVito, Gregory Peck (Andrew Jorgenson), Penelope Ann Miller, Piper Laurie, Dean Jones, R.D. Call, Mo Gaffney, Bette Henritze

CAPE FEAR (1991) DIR Martin Scorsese PROD Barbara De Fina SCR Wesley Strick (screenplay CAPE FEAR [1962] by James R. Webb; novel ‘The Executioners’ by John MacDonald) CAM Freddie Francis ED Thelma Schoonmaker CAST Robert De Niro, Nick Nolte, Jessica Lange, Juliette Lewis, Joe Don Baker, Robert Mitchum, Gregory Peck (Lee Heller), Martin Balsam, Illeana Douglas, Fred Donald Thompson, Catherine Scorsese, Charles Scorsese

TV MOVIES

THE SCARLET AND THE BLACK (1983) DIR Jerry London PROD Bill McCutchen TELEPLAY David Butler (book by J.P. Gallagher) CAM Giuseppe Rotunno ED Benjamin A. Weissman MUS Ennio Morricone CAST Gregory Peck (Monsignor Hugh O’Flaherty), Christopher Plummer, John Gielgud, Raf Vallone, Kenneth Colley, Walter Gotell, Barbara Bouchet, Julian Holloway

THE PORTRAIT (1993) DIR Arthur Penn PROD Philip K. Kleinbart EXEC PROD Gregory Peck TELEPLAY Lynn Roth (play by Tina Howe) CAM Richard Quinlan ED Janet Bartels-Vandagriff MUS Cynthia Millar CAST Gregory Peck (Gardner Church), Lauren Bacall, Cecilia Peck, Paul McCrane, Donna Mitchell, Joyce O’Connor, Mitchell Laurance, William Prince

TV MINI-SERIES

THE BLUE AND THE GREY (1982) DIR Andrew V. McLaglen PROD Hugh Benson, Harry Thomason TELEPLAY John Leekley, Ian McLellan Hunter, Bruce Catton CAM Al Francis ED Bud Friedgen, Fred A. Chulak MUS Bruce Broughton CAST Stacy Keach, John Hammond, Diane Baker, Kathleen Beller, Lloyd Bridges, Rory Calhoun, Colleen Dewhurst, Geraldine Page, Rip Torn, Robert Vaughn, John Vernon, Paul Winfield, Gregory Peck (Abraham Lincoln), William Wellman Jr., Sterling Hayden

MOBY DICK (1998) DIR Franc Roddam PROD Franc Roddam, Kris Noble, Steven R. McGlothen TELEPLAY Franc Roddam, Anton Diether (novel by Herman Melville) CAM David Connell ED Sean Barton MUS Christopher Gordon CAST Henry Thomas, Patrick Stewart, Bruce Spence, Hugh Keays-Byrne, Gregory Peck (Father Maple), Bill Hunter, Peter Sumner