Claudia Cardinale: “As an actor you have to make sure you don’t lose your own identity”

She was Italy’s answer to Brigitte Bardot, and the leading lady to several of Europe’s most renowned actors, including Marcello Mastroianni (3 films), Vittorio Gassman (5), Alain Delon (3) and Jean-Paul Bemondo (3). After “I solito ignoti” (a.k.a. “Big Deal on Madonna Street,” 1958), she became one of the most recognizable faces in Italy. The swashbuckler “Cartouche” (1962) made her a star in France and the following year, at age 25, CC – as she’s also often referred to – would become an established actress with her leading roles in Luchino Visconti’s “Il gattopardo” (a.k.a. “The Leopard,” 1963) which took the Palme d’Or at the Cannes Film Festival, Federico Fellini’s “8 ½” which won an Academy Award as Best Foreign-Language Film, and Blake Edwards’ comedy “The Pink Panther,” one of her most successful films. It took Tunisian-born CC only a few years to step out of the shadow of Gina Lollobrigida or Sophia Loren, and conquer the world on her own after it all began by winning the ‘Miss Italy of Tunis 1957’ and subsequently a trip to the Venice Film Festival with her mother.

Claudia Cardinale during her visit to Brussels in December 2003. Photograph: Leo Verswijver

Still making films today, Claudia Cardinale (b. 1938), highly acclaimed actress for six decades now, mother of two and a political liberal who has supported feminism over the years, is still going strong. In February 2011, The Los Angeles Times ranked her at # 7 in their top 50 of ‘Most Beautiful Women in Film.’ French actress Isabelle Adjani claimed the top spot of the list which also included Italy’s Monica Bellucci (# 4), Virna Lisi (# 29) and Sophia Loren (# 32). Along with BB (Brigitte Bardot, # 2) and MM (Marilyn Monroe, # 34), The LA Times didn’t overlook the silent era, as they included two actresses who had worked in silent films: Louise Brooks (# 6) and Greta Garbo (# 16).

With a husky voice as one of her trademarks, Ms. Cardinale, a star in her own right and one of the most photographed women of her era, was the embodiment of postwar Continental glamour, moulded by Italian neo-realist producer Franco Cristaldi early on and whom she ultimately married in the mid-1960s (divorced in 1975).

Late December 2003, Ms. Cardinale was in Brussels and gave a sort of mini press conference. Although she has been on the carousel of ‘lifetime achievement awards’ for quite some time now, I must say I don’t recall the exact reason for her visit to the Belgian capital. But it was a joy to hear this very down to earth screen legend talking about her work in films.

Ms. Cardinale, you are an international actress, yet people usually associate you with Italian cinema because of your work for filmmakers such as Federico Fellini and Luchino Visconti. Would you agree with that?

Claudia Cardinale: “It’s not always easy, because as an actor you have to make sure you don’t lose your own identity.” Photograph: Leo Verswijver

Yes, that’s right. I’m kind of a mixture. I was born in Tunisia and the first time I went to Italy, I was eighteen. I worked a lot in Italy and still go over there quite frequently. I am an Italian citizen, but I live in France. Overall I consider myself Italian though. There were some wonderful film directors in Italy back then, that’s where I met the great ones, but unfortunately they’re all gone now. Luchino Visconti was a master in filmmaking, in every way. As a technician, as a cinematographer, the way he worked with his actors – anything. I loved working with him. But I never pursued any roles, I never called a film director or asked him for a role, because I always just hoped they would ask me. And when I accept a role, it all depends on the screenplay and the director. But I can be difficult too, meaning that I set high standards for myself, even when I see a film. I also like the magic of the big screen, an advantage of cinema to television. When something magical happens on the screen, and a lot of people in a theater are together to experience that, it’s always something special, a very special emotion.

What was it like to work for Fellini?

He was quite the opposite of Luchino Visconti. Fellini basically worked without a script when we did “8 ½” in Rome, his set was very chaotic but he was magical. I did those two films [“8 ½” and “The Leopard”] almost simultaneously. As “The Leopard” was shot in Sicily, I was travelling back and forth from one set to another. Whenever you make a film, you are transformed into someone else, a character the director wants you to be. It’s not always easy, because as an actor you have to make sure you don’t lose your own identity.

You also had an interesting career in Hollywood. How did you manage to combine that with your career on the European continent?

Again, I never went over there to ask for any roles, they came to me. Very often, Hollywood gave European actors an exclusive contract, but I refused that because it takes your freedom away. There were too many restrictions. They wanted me to stay there, but that’s something I didn’t want to do. So I always signed one contract at a time, and that’s how I was able to work in a number of Hollywood films with some of the best actors of that era, like Rock Hudson, John Wayne or Rita Hayworth, and work in Italian or French films at the same time.

“Fellini basically worked without a script when we did ‘8 ½’ in Rome,” she says. Photograph: Leo Verswijver

How about your days in Hollywood? What were they like?

It was great. I lived in Paul Newman’s house when I was there, and I made a few very good friends, like Steve McQueen and Rock Hudson.

Which directors in America have been important to you?

The first one I can think of out of the top of my head is Richard Brooks, we did “The Professionals” [1966] together. A marvellous director, and the cast… so many wonderful actors. I think that’s my best work in America. I also liked Blake Edwards, I did “The Pink Panther” for him here in Europe, that film was a tremendous success. People sometimes think “The Red Tent” [1969] with Sean Connery was an American film too, but that was a Russian-Italian co-production shot in Russia. Making that film was a big adventure. It was so cold over there, you have no idea.

Is it true that “Cartouche” has been one of your biggest hits in France?

Yes, and I still love that film very much, along with other films like “The Professionals” and Sergio Leone’s “Once Upon a Time in the West” [1968]

What are you very proud of?

I was never did a nude scene and I never did anything to change my face or my body. There’s nothing wrong with old age. I also never had a bodyguard or a driver, simply because I always like to be who I am.

Brussels, Belgium
December 3, 2003

FILMS

GOHA (1958) DIR Jacques Baratier SCR Jacques Baratier (novel ‘Le Livre de Goha le Simple’ by Albert Adès, A. Josipovici) CAST Omar Sharif, Zina Bouzaiade, Laura Gazollo, Claudia Cardinale (The Maid)

I SOLITI IGNOTI, a.k.a. BIG DEAL ON MADONNA STREET (1958) DIR Mario Monicelli PROD Franco Cristaldi SCR Mario Monicelli, Suso Cecchi d’Amico (story by Age [Agenore Incrocci], Scarpelli [Furio Scarpelli]) CAST Vittorio Gassman, Renato Salvatori, Memmo Carotenuto, Rosanna Rory, Claudia Cardinale (Carmela)

TRE STRANIERE A ROMA, a.k.a. THREE STRANGERS IN ROME (1958) DIR Claudio Gora SCR Arpad DeRiso CAST Marino Baretto, Leonardo Botta, Nando Bruno, Claudia Cardinale (Marisa)

LA PRIMA NOTTE, a.k.a. VENETIAN HONEYMOON (1959) DIR Alberto Cavalcanti PROD Robert Gascuel, Giovanni Addessi SCR Jean Ferry, Claude-André Puget, Luciano Vincenzoni (novel by Abel Hermant) CAST Martine Carol, Vittorio De Sica, Philippe Nicaud, Claudia Cardinale (Angelica), Marthe Mercadier

VENTO DEL SUD, a.k.a. SOUTH WIND (1959) DIR Enzo Provenzale CAST Renato Salvatori, Claudia Cardinale (Grazia Macri), Annibale Ninchi, Laura Adani, Romollo Valli, Rosella Falk

UPSTAIRS AND DOWNSTAIRS (1959) DIR Ralph Thomas PROD Betty E. Box SCR Frank Harvey (novel by Ronald Scott Thorn) CAST Michael Craig, Anne Heywood, Mylène Demongeot, James Robertson Justice, Claudia Cardinale (Maria)

AUDACE COLPO DEI SOLITI IGNOTI, a.k.a. FIASCO IN MILAN (1959) DIR Nanni Loy PROD Franco Cristaldi SCR Age (Agenore Incrocci), Scarpelli (Furio Scarpelli) (story by Age [Agenore Incrocci], Scarpelli [Furio Scarpelli]) CAST Vittorio Gassman, Claudia Cardinale (Carmela), Renato Salvatori, Nino Manfredi, Vicky Ludovici

UN MALEDETTO IMBRODLIO, a.k.a. THE FACTS OF MURDER (1959) DIR Pietro Germi PROD Giuseppe Amato SCR Pietro Germi, Alfredo Gianetti, Ennio De Concini (novel by Carlo Emilio Gadda) CAST Pietro Germi, Claudia Cardinale (Assuntina), Franco Fabrizi, Cristina Gaioni, Claudio Gora

IL MAGISTRATO, a.k.a. THE MAGISTRATE (1959) DIR Luigi Zampa SCR Luigi Zampa, Massimo Franciosa, Pasquale Festa Campanile (story by Luigi Zampa, Massimo Franciosa, Pasquale Festa Campanile) CAST Jose Suarez, François Perier, Jacqueline Sassard, Massimo Serato, Maurizio Arena, Claudia Cardinale, Ignazio Balsamo

AUSTERLITZ (1960) DIR Abel Gance PROD Alexander Salkind, Michael Salkind, Alberto Barsanti, Roger Richebé SCR Abel Gance, Nelly Kaplan, Roger Richebé CAST Pierre Mondy, Orson Welles, Rossano Brazzi, Claudia Cardinale (Pauline Bonaparte), Martine Carol, Leslie Caron

IL BELL’ ANTONIO (1960) DIR Mauro Bolognini PROD Alfredo Bini, Cino Del Duca SCR Pier Paolo Passolini, Gino Visentini (novel by Vitaliano Brancati) CAST Marcello Mastroianni, Claudia Cardinale (Barbara), Pierre Brasseur, Rina Morelli, Tomas Millian

ROCCO E I SUOI FRATELLI, a.k.a. ROCCO AND HIS BROTHERS (1960) DIR Luchino Visconti PROD Goffredo Lombardo SCR Luchino Visconti, Suso Cecchi D’Amico, P.F. Campanile, Massimo Franciosa, Enrico Medioli (novel ‘Il Ponte della Ghisolfa’ by Giovanni Testori) CAST Alain Delon, Renato Salvatori, Annie Girardot, Katina Paxinou, Roger Hanin, Claudia Cardinale (Ginetta)

I DELFINI, a.k.a. SILVER SPOON SET (1960) DIR Francesco Maselli PROD Franco Cristaldi SCR Francesco Maselli, Ennio De Concini, Aggeo Savoli, Alberto Moravia CAST Claudia Cardinale (Fedora), Gerard Blain, Betsy Blair, Annamaria Ferrero, Sergio Fantoni

LES LIONS SONT LÂCHÉS, a.k.a. THE LIONS ARE LOOSE (1961) DIR Henri Verneuil PROD Irénée Leriche SCR France Roche, Michel Audiard (novel by Nicole [Françoise Parturier, Josette Raoul-Duval]) CAST Jean-Claude Brialy, Claudia Cardinale (Albertine), Danielle Darrieux, Michèle Morgan, Lino Ventura

LA RAGAZZA CON LA VALIGIA, a.k.a. GIRL WITH A SUITCASE (1961) DIR Valerio Zurlini PROD Charles Delac, Maurizio Lodi-Fè SCR Valerio Zurlini, Piero De Bernardi, Leo Benvenuti (story by Valerio Zurlini) CAST Claudia Cardinale (Aida), Jacques Perrin, Luciana Angiolillo, Renato Baldini, Riccardo Garrone

LA VIACCIA, a.k.a. THE LOVEMAKERS (1961) DIR Mauro Bolognini PROD Alfredo Bini SCR Massimo Franciosa, Pasquale Festa Campanile, Vasco Pretelini (novel ‘L’Eredità’ by Mario Pratesi) CAST Jean-Paul Belmondo, Claudia Cardinale (Bianca), Pietro Germi, Gabriella Pallotta, Romolo Valli

AUGUSTE, a.k.a. KOLKA, MY FRIEND (1961) DIR Pierre Chevalier SCR (adaptation) Pierre Chevalier, Raymond Castans (play by Raymond Castans) CAST Fernand Raynaud, Valérie Lagrange, Jean Poiret, Roger Carel, Ingrid Bergman, Claudia Cardinale (Cameo [uncredited])

CARTOUCHE (1962) DIR Philippe de Broca PROD Alexandre Mnouchkine, Georges Dancigers SCR Philippe de Broca, Charles Spaak, Daniel Boulanger CAST Jean-Paul Belmondo, Claudia Cardinale (Vénus), Jess Hahn, Marcel Dalio, Jean Rochefort, Philippe Lemaire

SENELITÀ, a.k.a. CARELESS (1962) DIR Mauro Bolognini PROD Moris Ergas SCR Mauro Bolognini, Goffredo Parise, Tullio Pinelli (novel by Italo Svevo) CAST Anthony Franciosa, Claudia Cardinale (Angiolina), Betsy Blair, Philippe Leroy, Raimondo Magni

IL GATTOPARDO, a.k.a THE LEOPARD (1963) DIR Luchino Visconti PROD Goffredo Lombardi SCR Luchino Visconti, Suso Cecchi D’Amico, Pasquale Festa Campanile, Massimo Franciosa, Enrico Medioli (novel by Giuseppe Tomasi Di Lampedusa) CAST Burt Lancaster, Alain Delon, Claudia Cardinale (Angelica Sedara / Bertiana), Rina Morelli, Paolo Stoppa, Romolo Valli

8 ½ (1963) DIR Federico Fellini PROD Angelo Rizzoli SCR Federico Fellini, Ennio Flaiano, Brunello Rondi, Tullio Pinelli (story by Federico Fellini, Ennio Flaiano) CAST Marcello Mastroianni, Claudia Cardinale (Claudia), Anouk Aimée, Sandra Milo, Rosella Falk, Barbara Steele, Madeleine LeBeau

LA RAGAZZA DI BUBE, a.k.a BEBO’S GIRL (1963) DIR Luigi Comencini PROD Franco Cristaldi SCR Luigi Comencini, Marcello Fondato (novel by Carlo Cassola) CAST Claudia Cardinale (Mara), George Chakiris, Marc Michel, Dany París, Emilio Esposito, Monique Vita

IL MAGNIFICO CORNUTO, a.k.a. THE MAGNIFICENT CUCKOLD (1964) DIR Antonio Pietrangeli PROD Henryk Chrosicki, Alfonso Sansone SCR Ettore Scola, Diego Fabbri, Stefano Strucchi, Ruggero Maccari CAST Claudia Cardinale (Maria), Ugo Tognazzi, Bernard Blier, Michèle Girardon, Paul Guers

GLI INDIFFERENTI, a.k.a. TIME OF INDIFFERENCE (1964) DIR Francesco Maselli PROD Franco Cristaldi SCR Francesco Maselli, Suso Cecchi D’Amico (novel by Alberto Moravia) CAST Claudia Cardinale (Carla), Rod Steiger, Shelley Winters, Tomas Millian, Paulette Goddard

THE PINK PANTHER (1964) DIR Blake Edwards PROD Martin Juroz SCR Blake Edwards, Maurice Richlin CAST David Niven, Peter Sellers, Robert Wagner, Capucine, Claudia Cardinale (Princess Dala)

CIRCUS WORLD (1964) DIR Henry Hathaway PROD Samuel Bronston SCR Ben Hecht, Julian Halevy CAST John Wayne, Claudia Cardinale (Toni Alfredo), Rita Hayworth, Lloyd Nolan, Richard Conte, John Smith

VAGHE STELLE DELL’ORSA…, a.k.a. SANDRA OF A THOUSAND DELIGHTS (1965) DIR Luchino Visconti PROD Franco Cristaldi SCR Luchino Visconti, Suso Cecchi D’Amico, Enrico Medioli CAST Claudia Cardinale (Sandra), Jean Sorel, Michael Craig, Renzo Ricci, Fred Williams

BLINDFOLD (1965) DIR Philip Dunne PROD Marvin Schwartz SCR Philip Dunne, W.H. Menger (novel by Lucille Fletcher) CAST Rock Hudson, Claudia Cardinale (Vicky), Jack Warden, Guy Stockwell, Brad Dexter

THE PROFESSIONALS (1966) DIR – PROD Richard Brooks SCR Richard Brooks (novel ‘A Mule for the Marquesa’ by Frank O’Rourke) CAST Burt Lancaster, Lee Marvin, Robert Ryan, Woody Strode, Jack Palance, Claudia Cardinale (Maria), Ralph Bellamy

LOST COMMAND (1966) DIR – PROD Mark Robson SCR Nelson Gidding (novel ‘The Centurions’ by Jean Larteguy) CAST Anthony Quinn, Alain Delon,George Segal, Michèle Morgan, Maurice Ronet, Claudia Cardinale (Aicha)

LE FATE, a.k.a. THE QUEENS (1967) DIR Mauro Bolognini, Mario Monicelli, Antonio Pietrangeli, Luciano Salce PROD Gianni Hecht Lucari SCR Suso Cecchi D’Amico, Tonino Guerra, Giorgio Salvioni, Luigi Magni, Ruggero Maccari, Rodolfo Sonego CAST Monica Vitti, Claudia Cardinale (Armenia), Raquel Welch, Capucine, Alberto Sordi, Anthony Steel, Renzo Giovampietro

DON’T MAKE WAVES (1967) DIR Alexander Mackendrick PROD John Galley, Martin Ransohoff SCR Ira Wallach, George Kirgo (adaptation by Maurice Richlin; novel ‘Muscle Beach’ by Ira Wallach) CAST Tony Curtis, Claudia Cardinale (Laura Califatti), Sharon Tate, Robert Webber, Joanna Barnes, David Draper

UNA ROSA PER TUTTI, a.k.a A ROSE FOR EVERYONE (1967) DIR Franco Rossi PROD Franco Cristaldi SCR Franco Rossi, Nino Manfredi, Eduardo Borras, Ennio De Concini (play by Glaucio Gill) CAST Claudia Cardinale (Rosa), Nino Manfredi, Mario Adorf, Akim Tamiroff, Lando Buzzanca

IL GIORNO DELLA CIVETTA, a.k.a MAFIA (1968) DIR Damiano Damiani PROD Ermanno Donati, Luigi Carpentieri SCR Damiano Damiani, Ugo Pirro (novel by Leonardo Sciascia) CAST Claudia Cardinale (Rosa Nicolosi), Franco Nero, Lee J. Cobb, Tano Cimarosa, Nehemiah Persoff, Ennio Balbo

C’ERA UNA VOLTA IL WEST, a.k.a ONCE UPON A TIME IN THE WEST (1968) DIR Sergio Leone PROD Bino Cicogna SCR Sergio Leone, Sergio Donati (story by Sergio Leone, Bernardo Bertolucci, Dario Argento) CAST Henry Fonda, Claudia Cardinale (Jill McBain), Jason Robards, Charles Bronson, Gabriele Ferzetti

THE HELL WITH HEROES (1968) DIR Joseph Sargent PROD Stanley Chase SCR Halsted Welles, Harold Livingston (story by Harold Livingston) CAST Rod Taylor, Claudia Cardinale (Elena), Harry Guardino, Kevin McCarthy, Peter Duel, William Marshall, Don Knight

NELL’ANNO DEL SIGNORE, a.k.a. THE CONSPIRATORS (1969) DIR – SCR Luigi Magni PROD Bino Cicogna CAST Nino Manfredi, Enrico Maria Salerno, Claudia Cardinale (Giuditta Di Castro), Robert Hossein, Britt Ekland, Ugo Tognazzi

RUBA AL PROSSIMO TUO, a.k.a. A FINE PAIR (1969) DIR Francesco Maselli PROD Franco Cristaldi, Léo L. Fuchs SCR Francesco Maselli, Larry Gelbart, Virgil C. Leone, Luisa Montagnana CAST Rock Hudson, Claudia Cardinale (Esmeralda Marini), Leon Askin, Walter Giller, Ellen Corby, Walter Giller

CERTO, CERTISSIMO, ANZI… PROBABILE, a.k.a. CERTAIN, VERY VERTAIN, AS A MATTER OF FACT PROBABLE and DIARY OF A TELEPHONE OPERATOR (1969) DIR Marcello Fondato PROD Silvio Clementelli SCR Marcello Fondato (story by Dacia Maraini) CAST Claudia Cardinale (Marta), Catherine Spaak, Robert Hoffman, Nino Castelnuovo, John Phillip Law

THE ADVENTURES OF GERARD (1970) DIR Jerzy Skolimowski PROD Gene Gutowski, Henry E. Lester SCR Jerzy Skolimowski, Gene Gutowski, H.A.L. Craig (story by Arthur Conan Doyle) CAST Peter McEnery, Claudia Cardinale (Teresa, Countess of Morales), Eli Wallach, Jack Hawkins, Mark Burns, Norman Rossington

KRASNAYA PALATKA, a.k.a THE RED TENT (1971) DIR Mickail K. Kalatozov PROD Franco Cristaldi SCR Ennio De Concini, Richard Adams CAST Sean Connery, Claudia Cardinale (Valeria), Hardy Kruger, Peter Finch, Massimo Girotti, Luigi Vannucchi, Eduard Martsevich

POPSY POP (1971) DIR Jean Herman PROD Catherine Winter, Gisèle Rebillon SCR Jean Herman, Henri Charrière CAST Claudia Cardinale (Popsy Pop), Stanley Baker, Henri Charrière, Georges Aminel, Joachim Hansen, Marc Mazza

L’UDIENZA, a.k.a. THE AUDIENCE (1972) DIR Marco Ferreri PROD Franco Cristaldi SCR Marco Ferreri, Dante Matelli (story by Rafael Azcona) CAST Enzo Jannacci, Ugo Tognazzi, Claudia Cardinale (Aiche), Vittorio Gassman, Michel Piccoli

BELLO, ONESTO, EMIGRATO AUSTRALIA SPOSEREBBE COMPAESANA ILLIBATA, a.k.a. A GIRL IN AUSTRALIA (1971) DIR Luigi Zampa SCR Luigi Zampa, Rodolfo Sonego CAST Alberto Sordi, Claudia Cardinale (Carmela), Riccardo Garrone, Corrado Olmi, Tano Cimarosa

LES PETROLEUSES, a.k.a FRENCHIE KING (1971) DIR Christian-Jacque PROD Raymond Erger, Francis Cosne SCR Daniel Boulanger, Marie-Ange Anies, Jean Nemours, Guy Casaril CAST Brigitte Bardot, Claudia Cardinale (Marie), Michael J Pollard, Patty Shepard, Micheline Presle

LA SCOUMOUNE, a.k.a. THE PARIAH (1972) DIR José Giovanni PROD Ralph Baum SCR José Giovanni (also novel) CAST Jean-Paul Belmondo, Claudia Cardinale (Georgia), Michel Constantin, Enrique Lucero, Alain Mottet, Michel Peyrelon, Philippe Brizard

LIBERIA, AMORE MIO!, a.k.a. LIBERIA, MY LOVE ! (1973) DIR Mauro Bolognini PROD Roberto Loyola SCR Mauro Bolognini, Luciano Vincenzoni, Nicola Badalucco (story by Luciano Vincenzoni) CAST Claudia Cardinale (Libera Valente), Bruno Cirino, Adolfo Celi, Philippe Leroy, Luigi Diberti

FURY, a.k.a. ONE RUSSIAN SUMMER (1973) DIR Antonio Calenda PROD Harry Saltzman, Marcello Danon SCR Antonio Calenda, Ugo Pirro, Edward Bond CAST Carole André, Claudia Cardinale (Anya), Ray Lovelock, John McEnery, Oliver Reed

I GUAPPI, a.k.a. BLOOD BROTHERS (1973) DIR Pasquale Squitieri PROD Gianni Hecht Lucari SCR Michele Prisco (adaptation by Pasquale Squitieri, Ugo Pirro) CAST Franco Nero, Claudia Cardinale (Lucia Esposito), Fabio Testi, Lina Polito, Raymond Pellegrin, Rita Forzano, Antonio Orlando

GRUPPO DI FAMIGLIA IN UN INTERNO, a.k.a. CONVERSATION PIECE (1974) DIR Luchino Visconti PROD Giovanni Bertolucci SCR Luchino Visconti, Suso Cecchi D’Amico (story by Enrico Medioli) CAST Burt Lancaster, Helmut Berger, Silvana Mangano, Claudia Marsani, Claudia Cardinale (Wife of Professor [Burt Lancaster]), Stefano Patrizi, Elvira Cortese

A MEZZANOTTE VA LA RONDA DEL PIACERE, a.k.a. THE IMMORTAL BACHELOR (1975) DIR Marcello Fondato PROD Elio Scardamaglia SCR Marcello Fondato, Francesco Scardamaglia CAST Claudia Cardinale (Gabriella Sansoni), Antonella Dogan, Vittorio Gassman, Renato Pozzetto, Monica Vitti, Giancarlo Giannini

QUI COMINCIA L’AVVENTURA, a.k.a. BLONDE IN BLACK LEATHER (1975) DIR Carlo Di Palma SCR Carlo Di Palma, Barbara Alberti, Amedeo Pagani (story by Barbara Alberti, Amedeo Pagani) CAST Monica Vitti, Claudia Cardinale (Claudia), Salvatore Baccaro, Fernando Camerini, Mario Danieli

IL COMUNE SENSO DEL PUDORE, a.k.a. A COMMON SENSE OF MODESTY (1976) DIR Alberto Sordi PROD Fausto Saraceni SCR Alberto Sordi, Rodolfo Sonego (story by Alberto Sordi, Rodolfo Sonego) CAST Alberto Sordi, Claudia Cardinale (Armida Ballarin), Florinda Bolkan, Philippe Noiret, Pino Colizzi, Rossana Di Lorenzo

GOODBYE & AMEN (1977) DIR Damiano Damiani PROD Mario Cecchi Gori SCR Damiano Damiani, Nicola Badalucco CAST Tony Musante, Claudia Cardinale (Aliki), John Forsyth, John Steiner, Renzo Palmer, Angela Goodwin, Anna Zinnemann

IL PREFETTO DI FERRO, a.k.a. I AM THE LAW (1977) DIR Antonio Pietrangeli PROD Gianni Hecht Lucari SCR Antonio Pietrangeli, Arrigo Petacco, Ugo Pirro (novel by Arrigo Petacco) CAST Giuliano Gemma, Claudia Cardinale (Anna Torrisi), Stefano Satta Flores, Massimo Mollica, Rosella Susconi

CORLEONE (1977) DIR Antonio Pietrangeli PROD Mario Cecchi Gori SCR Antonio Pietrangeli, Orazio Barrese, Arduino Maiuri, Massimo De Rita (novel by Orazio Barrese) CAST Giuliano Gemma, Claudia Cardinale (Rosa), Francisco Rabal, Stefano Satta Flores, Michele Placido

LA PART DU FEU, a.k.a. FIRE’S SHARE (1978) DIR Etienne Périer SCR Etienne Périer, Dominique Fabre CAST Michel Piccoli, Claudia Cardinale (Catherine), Jacques Perrin, Rufus, Roland Bertin, Gabriel Cattand

L’ARMA, a.k.a. THE GUN (1978) DIR Pasquale Squitieri PROD Roberto Guissani SCR Pasquale Squitieri CAST Claudia Cardinale (Marta Compagna), Stefano Satta Flores, Benadetta Fantoli, Clara Colosimo, Dario Ghirardo, Giuseppe Morabito, Salvatore Billa

LA PETITE FILLE EN VELOURS BLEU, a.k.a. LITTLE GIRL IN BLUE VELVET (1978) DIR – SCR Alan Bridges CAST Michel Piccoli, Claudia Cardinale (Francesca Modigliani), Lara Wendel, Umberto Orsini, Denholm Elliott, Alexandra Stewart, Matius Goring, Bernard Fresson, Angharad Rees

ESCAPE TO ATHENA (1979) DIR George P. Cosmatos PROD David Niven Jr., Jack Wiener SCR Edward Anhalt, Richard S Lochte (story by George P. Cosmatos, Richard S. Lochte) CAST Roger Moore, Telly Savalas, David Niven, Stefanie Powers, Claudia Cardinale (Eleana), Richard Roundtree, Sonny Bono, Elliott Gould, William Holden, Anthony Valentine

SI SALVE CHI VUOLE (1980) DIR Roberto Faenza CAST Gastone Moschin, Claudia Cardinale, Enrico Vecchi, Ilaria Vecchi, Francesco De Rosa

LA PELLE, a.k.a. THE SKIN (1981) DIR Liliana Cavani PROD Renzo Rossellini SCR Vincenzo Caretti, Carlo Rossella, Antonio Padellaro (story by Roberto Faenza) CAST Marcello Mastroianni, Ken Marshall, Alexandra King, Claudia Cardinale (Principessa), Burt Lancaster

THE SALAMANDER (1981) DIR Peter Zinner PROD Paul Maslansky, Erwin C. Dietrich SCR Robert Katz CAST Franco Nero, Anthony Quinn, Martin Balsam, Sybill Danning, Christopher Lee, Claudia Cardinale (Elena Leporello), Eli Wallach

LE CADEAU, a.k.a. THE GIFT (1982) DIR Michel Lang PROD Gilbert de Goldschmidt SCR Michel Lang (play ‘Même les Employés Ont une Âme’ by Italo Terzoli, Enrico Vaime) CAST Pierre Mondy, Claudia Cardinale (Antonella Dufour), Clio Goldsmith, Jacques François, Renzo Montagnani

FITZCARRALDO (1982) DIR – SCR Werner Herzog PROD Werner Herzog, Lucki Stipetic, Zilli Segler CAST Klaus Kinski, José Lewgoy, Migiel Ángel Fuentes, Paul Hittscher, Claudia Cardinale (Molly)

LE RUFFIAN (1983) DIR José Giovanni PROD Christian Fechner SCR José Giovanni (also novel) CAST Lino Ventura, Bernard Giraudeau, Claudia Cardinale (La ‘Baronne’), Béatrix Van Til, Pierre Frag

ENRICO IV, a.k.a. HENRY IV (1983) DIR Marco Bellocchio PROD Enzo Porcelli SCR Marco Bellocchio, Tonino Guerra (play by Luigi Pirandello) CAST Marcello Matroianni, Claudia Cardinale (Matilda), Leopoldo Trieste, Paolo Bonacelli, Gianfelice Imparato

CLARETTA (1984) DIR Pasquale Squitieri PROD Giacomo Pezzali SCR Pasquale Squitieri, Arrigo Petacco CAST Claudia Cardinale (Claretta Petacci), Giuliamo Gemma, Philippe Lemaire, Catherine Spaak, Angela Goodwin

LA DONNA DELLE MERAVIGLIE, a.k.a. WOMAN OF WONDERS (1985) DIR Alberto Bevilacqua PROD Gianni Federici SCR Alberto Bevilacqua (also story) CAST Claudia Cardinale (Maura), Ben Gazzara, Lina Sastri, Orazio Orlando, Flavio Bucci, Fabrizio Bentivolgio, Elisabetta Quaresima, Angela Goodwin

L’ÉTÉ PROCHAIN, a.k.a. NEXT SUMMER (1985) DIR Nadine Trintignant PROD Alain Sarde SCR Nadine Trintignant CAST Philippe Noiret, Claudia Cardinale (Jeanne), Fanny Ardant, Jean-Louis Trintignant, Marie Trintignant, Jérôme Anger, Pierre-Loup Rajot, Hubert Deschamps

UN HOMME AMOUREUX, a.k.a. A MAN IN LOVE (1987) DIR Diane Kurys PROD Diane Kurys, Michel Seydoux SCR Diane Kurys, Olivier Schatzky CAST Peter Coyote, Greta Scacchi, Jamie Lee Curtis, Claudia Cardinale (Julia Steiner), Peter Riegert, John Berry, Vincent Lindon, Jean Pigozzi

LA RÉVOLUTION FRANÇAISE, a.k.a. THE FRENCH REVOLUTION (1989) DIR Robert Enrico, Richard T. Heffron SCR Robert Enrico, Richard T. Heffron, David Ambrose, Daniel Boulanger CAST Klaus Maria Brandauer, Jane Seymour, Peter Ustinov, Claudia Cardinale (Yolande-Gabrielle de Polastron), Sam Neill, Christopher Lee

HIVER 54, L’ABBÉ PIERRE, a.k.a. WINTER OF ’54 : FATHER PIERRE (1989) DIR Denis Amar PROD Christian Arden SCR Denis Amar, Marie Devort CAST Lambert Wilson, Claudia Cardinale (Hélène), Robert Hirsch, Antoine Vitez, Laurent Terzieff, Bernie Bonvoisin, Stéphane Butet

LA BATALLA DE LOS TRES REYES, a.k.a. THE BATTLE OF THE THREE KINGS and DRUMS OF FIRE (1990) DIR Souheil Ben-Barka, Uchkun Nazarov PROD Leo Pescarolo, Jaimie Oriol, Alo Khodzhlev SCR Souheil Ben-Barka, Guido Castillo CAST Massimo Ghini, Claudia Cardinale (Roxelane), Ugo Tognazzi, Fernando Rey, Harvey Keitel, F. Muray Abraham, Sergei Bondarchuk

ATTO DI DOLORE, a.k.a. ACT OF SORROW (1991) DIR Pasquale Squitieri SCR Pasquale Squitieri, Sergio Bianchi, Fabio Traversa, Nanni Balestrini (story by Pasquale Squitieri, Sergio Bianchi) CAST Claudia Cardinale (Elena), Bruno Cremer, Karl Zinny, Giulia Boschi, Memè Perlini

MAYRIG (1992) DIR Henri Verneuil PROD Tarak Ben Ammar SCR Henri Verneuil (also novel) CAST Claudia Cardinale (Mayrig), Omar Sharif, Isabelle Sadoyan, Nathalie Roussel, Jacky Nercessian

588 RUE PARADIS, a.k.a. MOTHER (1993) DIR Henri Verneuil SCR Henri Verneuil (also novel) CAST Richard Berry, Omar Sharif, Nathalie Roussel, Claudia Cardinale (Mayrig), Diane Bellego, Zabou Breitman

SON OF THE PINK PANTHER (1993) DIR Blake Edwards PROD Tony Adams SCR Blake Edwards, Steven Sunshine, Madeline Sunshine (story by Blake Edwards, characters created by Blake Edwards, Maurice Richlin) CAST Roberto Begnini, Herbert Lom, Claudia Cardinale (Maria Gambrelli), Shabana Azmi, Jennifer Edwards

ELLES NE PENSENT QU’À ÇA!, a.k.a. WOMEN HAVE ONLY ONE THING ON THEIR MINDS (1994) DIR Charlotte Dubreuil PROD Jean-François Lepetit SCR Charlotte Dubreuil, Georges Wolinski CAST Claudia Cardinale (Margaux), Carole Laure, Bernard Le Coq, Roland Blanche, Heinz Bennent

UN ÉTÉ À LA GOULETTE, a.k.a. A SUMMER IN LA GOULETTE (1996) DIR Férid Boughedir EXEC PROD Hassinie Souti SCR Férid Boughedir, Nouri Bouzid CAST Sonia Mankaï, Ava Cohen-Jonathan, Sarah Pariente, Mustapha Adouani, Claudia Cardinale (Herself)

SOUS LES PIEDS DES FEMMES (1997) DIR Rachida Krim PROD Brigitte Azoulay SCR Rachida Krimm Jean-Luc Seigle, Catherine Labruyère-Colas CAST Claudia Cardinale (Aya 1996), Fejria Deliba, Bernadette Lafont, Guy Bedos

RICHES, BELLES, ETC. (1998) DIR – SCR Bunny Schpoliansky PROD Nicolas Schpoliansky CAST Claudia Cardinale (La Baronne Mitsy), Anouk Aimée, Marisa Berenson, Tasha de Vasconcelos, Sonia Rykiel, Gisèle Casadesus

LI CHIAMARONO… BRIGANTI! (1999) DIR Pasquale Squitieri SCR Giuseppe Carocci CAST Claudia Cardinale (Donna Assunta), Franco Nero, Branko Tesanovic, Enrico Lo Verso, Benoît Vallès, Giorgio Albertazzi

AND NOW… LADIES AND GENTLEMEN… (2002) DIR – PROD Claude Lelouch SCR Claude Lelouch, Pierre Leroux, Pierre Uytterhoeven CAST Jeremy Irons, Patricia Kaas, Thierry Lhermitte, Alessandra Martines, Claudia Cardinale (Madame Falconnetti)

LE DÉMON DE MIDI, a.k.a. THE DEMON STIRS (2005) DIR Marie-Pascale Osterrieth PROD Claude Berri SCR Marie-Pascale Osterrieth, Michèle Bernier (comics by Florence Cestac) CAST Michèle Bernier, Simon Abkarian, Mathis Arguillère, Hiam Abbass, Zinedine Soualem, Julie-Anne Roth, Jérôme Pouly, Claudia Cardinale (Herself)

CHERCHE FIANCÉ TOUS FRAIS PAYÉS (2007) DIR Aline Issermann PROD Laurent Petit, Michèle Petit SCR Aline Issermann, Jean-Luc Estèbe, Brice-Pascal Renault CAST Alexandra Lamy, Bruno Salomone, Claudia Cardinale (Elisabeth), Isabelle Gélinas, Gilles-Gaston Dreyfus, Jean Dujardin

LE FIL, a.k.a. THE STRING (2009) DIR Mehdi Ben Attia PROD Anne-Cécile Berthomeau, Farès Ladjimi, Edouard Mauriat SCR Mehdi Ben Attia, Olivier Laneurie CAST Claudia Cardinale (Sara), Antonin Stalhy Viswanadhan, Salim Kechiouche, Driss Rambi, Ramla Ayari, Ali Mrabet

SINYORA ENRICA ILE ITALYAN OLMAK, a.k.a. BEING ITALIAN WITH SIGNORA ENRICA (2010) DIR – SCR Ali Ilhan PROD Can Arca, Elvan Albayrak CAST Claudia Cardinale (Signora Enrica), Ismail Hacioglu, Lavinia Longhi, Teoman Kumbaracibassi, Nilay Cennetkusu, Fahriye Evcen Özçivit

UN BALCON SUR LA MER, a.k.a. A VIEW OF LOVE (2010) DIR Nicole Garcia PROD Alain Attal SCR Nicole Garcia, Jacques Fieschi, Natalie Carter, Frédéric Bélier-Garcia CAST Jean Dujardin, Marie-Josée Croze, Toni Servillo, Sandrine Kiberlain, Michel Aumont, Pauline Bérbier, Claudia Cardinale (The Mother of Marc [Jean Dujardin])

FATHER (2011) DIR – SCR Pasquale Squitieri PROD Eduardo Buonocore CAST Franco Nero, Andrea Fachinetti, Daniel Emilio Baldock, Claudia Cardinale (Elvira), Camilla Caiati, Maurizio D’Agostino

GEBO ET L’OMBRE, a.k.a. GEBO AND THE SHADOW (2012) DIR Manoel de Oliveira PROD Luís Orbano, Sandro Aguilar, Antoine de Clermont-Tonnerre, Martine de Clermont-Tonnerre SCR Manoel de Oliveira (play by Raul Brandão) CAST Michael Lonsdale, Claudia Cardinale (Doroteia), Jeanne Moreau, Leonor Silveira, Ricardo Trêpa, Luís Miguel Cintra

EL ARTISTA Y LA MODELO, a.k.a. THE ARTIST AND THE MODEL (2012) DIR Fernando Trueba EXEC PROD Cristina Huete SCR Fernando Trueba, Jean-Claude Carrière CAST Jean Rochefort, Aida Folch, Claudia Cardinale (Léa), Chus Lampreave, Götz Otto, Christian Sinniger, Martin Gamet, Mateo Deluz

JOY DE V. (2013) DIR – SCR Nadia Szold PROD Nadia Szold, Jean-Marie Parisi CAST Patricia Black, Claudia Cardinale (Signora Morosini), Chloé Cunha, Joséphine de la Baume, Nina Eristavi, Iva Gocheva

DER STILLE BERG, a.k.a. SILENT MOUNTAIN and THE IRON MOUNTAIN (2014) DIR Ernst Gossner PROD Ernst Gossner, Heinz Stussak SCR Clemens Aufderklamm CAST William Moseley, Claudia Cardinale (Nuria Calzolari), Eugenia Constantini, Fritz Karl, Emily Cox, Werner Daehn, Corrado Invernizzi

ULTIMA FERMATA (2014) DIR Giambattista Assanti ASSOC PROD Luisa Porrino, Alessandro Verdecchi SCR Giambattista Assanti, Luisa Porrino CAST Luca Lionello, Francesca Tasini, Sergio Assisi, Nicola Di Pinto, Claudia Cardinale (Rosa)

LES FRANCIS (2014) DIR Fabrice Begotti PROD Jean-Charles Felli, Christophe Tomas, Thomas Langmann, Emmanuel Montamat SCR Fabrice Begotti, Jean-Charles Felli, Pierre-Marie Mosconi CAST Lannick Gautry, Medi Sadoun, Alice David, Thierry Neuvic, Jenifer Bartoli, Jib Pocthier, Cyriel Guei, Claudia Cardinale (Mina)

EFFIE GRAY (2014) DIR Richard Laxton PROD Donald Rosenfeld, Andreas Roald SCR Emma Thompson CAST Emma Thompson, Dakota Fanning, Julie Walters, Tom Sturridge, David Suchet, Claudia Cardinale (Viscountess), Robbie Coltrane, James Fox, Derek Jacobi

TWICE UPON A TIME IN THE WEST (2015) DIR Boris Despodov PROD Boris Despodov, Audrey Paounov SCR Boris Despodov, Audrey Paounov (story by Boris Despodov, Audrey Paounov) CAST Claudia Cardinale (Claudia), Diana Paskalieva, Alex Brendemühl, Francesc Garrido, José Novo, Krassimir Ivanov

ALL ROADS LEAD TO ROME (2015) DIR Ella Lemhagen PROD Monika Bacardi, Juan Antonio García Peredo, Andrea Iervolino, Silvio Muraglia, Fredrik Zander SCR Cindy Myers, Josh Appignanesi CAST Sarah Jessica Parker, Raoul Bova, Claudia Cardinale (Carmen), Rosie Day, Paz Vega, Nadir Caselli, Marco Bonini, Walter D’Errico

NIENTO DI SERIO (2017) DIR Laszlo Barbo PROD Diego Loreggian SCR Laszlo Barbo, Raffaele Napoli CAST Claudia Cardinale (Angela), Jordi Mollà, Lidia Vitale, Ilenia Pastorelli, Daphne Scoccia, Gianmarco Tognazzi

NOBILI BUGIE (2017) DIR Antonio Pisu PROD Marta Miniucchi SCR Antonio Pisu, Federico Tolardo CAST Claudia Cardinale, Giancarlo Giannini, Raffaelle Pisu, Ivano Morescotti, Nini Salerno, Tiziana Foschi, Paolo Rossi

UNA GITA A ROMA, a.k.a. AN OUTING TO ROME (2017) DIR Karin Proia PROD Karin Proia, Raffaele Buranelli SCR Karin Proia, Raffaele Buranelli (story by Karin Proia) CAST Stefano Ambrogi, Fabrizio Apolloni, Lucia Batassa, Pino Borselli, Silvana Bosi, Raffaele Buranelli, Claudia Cardinale (Marguerite), Francesca Cardinale

TV MOVIES

PRINCESS DAISY (1983) DIR Waris Hussein PROD Lillian Gallo TELEPLAY Diana Hammond (novel by Judith Krantz) CAST Lindsay Wagner, Paul Michael Glaser, Robert Urich, Claudia Cardinale (Anabelle de Fourdemont Valenski), Rupert Everett, Lysette Anthony, Barbara Bach, Ringo Starr, Stacy Keach, Harry Carey Jr.

LA STORIA, a.k.a. HISTORY (1987) DIR Luigi Comencini PROD Paolo Infascelli TELEPLAY Luigi Comencini, Cristina Comencini, Suso Cecchi D’Amico (novel by Elsa Morante) CAST Claudia Cardinale (Ida Ramunda), Francisco Rabal, Andrea Spada, Antonio Degli Schiavi, Fiorenzo Fiorentini

BLU ELETTRICO, a.k.a. ELECTRIC BLUE (1989) DIR – TELEPLAY Elfriede Gaeng PROD Adriano Arie CAST Claudia Cardinale (Tata), Athina Cenci, William Berger, Matteo Mobilia, Sara Triulzi

ELIZABETH: ILS SONT TOUS NOS ENFANTS (2000) DIR Pasquale Squitieri PROD Jean-Luc Azoulay TELEPLAY Claire Alexandrakis CAST Claudia Cardinale (Claude Barde), Jean-Claude Brialy, Marion Corrales, Julie Arnold, Aladin Reibel, Marie-Ange Lelli

HOLD UP À L’ITALIENNE, a.k.a. MAN & WIFE, COP & CROOK (2008) DIR – TELEPLAY Claude-Michel Rome PROD Antoine Perset, Paul Giovanni CAST Astrid Veillon, Bruno Wolkowitch, Claudia Cardinale (Cécile), Jacques Perrin, Bernard Llopis, Etienne Chicot, Jean-Marie Juan

IL GIORNO DELLA SHOAH (2010) DIR – TELEPLAY Pasquale Squitieri CAST Giorgio Albertazzi, Anna Carabetta, Claudia Cardinale (Ester), Fabio Collepiccolo, Mario Gagliardi, Ennio Girolami, Tony Kendall

TV MINI-SERIES

JESUS OF NAZARETH (1977) DIR Franco Zeffirelli PROD Vincenzo Labella TELEPLAY Franco Zeffirelli, Anthony Burgess, David Butler, Suso Cecchi D’Amico CAST Robert Powell, Anne Bancroft, Ernest Borgnine, Claudia Cardinale (The Adulteress), Valentina Cortese, James Earl Jones, Stacy Keach, James Mason, Laurence Olivier, Christopher Plummer, Anthony Quinn, Ralph Richardson, Rod Steiger, Peter Ustinov, Michael York

NASO DI CANE (1986) DIR Pasquale Squitieri PROD Augusto Caminito TELEPLAY (novel by Attillo Veraldi) CAST Claudia Cardinale (Laura), Donald Pleasence, Raymond Pellegrin, Yorgo Voyagis, Nancy Brilli, Salvatore Billa, Victor Cavallo

NOSTROMO (1996) DIR Alistair Reid PROD Fernando Ghia TELEPLAY John Hale (novel by Joseph Conrad) CAST Brian Dennehy, Albert Finney, Colin Firth, Roberto Escobar, Ruth Gabriel, Fernando Hilbeck, Claudia Cardinale (Teresa Viola), Joaquim de Almeida

IL DESERTO DI FUOCO (1997) DIR Enzo G. Castellari PROD Guido Lombardo TELEPLAY George Eastman (story by Patrizia Pistagnesi, Faliero Rosati) CAST Anthony Delon, Mandala Tayde, Giuliano Gemma, Arielle Dombasle, Marie Laforêt, Fabio Testi, Jean Sorel, Claudia Cardinale (Leila), Vittorio Gassman, Virna Lisi, Franco Nero

MIA, LIEBE MEINES LEBENS (1998) DIR Giovanni Soldati TELEPLAY Maria Venturi, Piero Bodrato CAST Claudia Cardinale (Mary O’Sullivan), Lise Hearns, Tobias Moretti, Luciano de Luca, John Savage, Don Baker, Stella McCusker

LA LOI DE…, a.k.a. BARBARA’S LAW (2014) DIR Didier Le Pêcheur, Philippe Venault, Claude-Michel Rome, Jacques Malaterre, Christophe Douchand PROD Jean-Pierre Ramsay-Levi TELEPLAY Céline Guyot, Martin Guyot CAST Josiane Balasko, Gérard Jugnot, Valéria Cavalli, Héléna Soubeyrand, François Marthouret, Olivier Claverie, Claudia Cardinale (Irène Delamarche), Andréa Ferréol